12 years later and bajillions of cookies later, Michel and Augustin

Talk like a real pastry chef

with our INCREDIBLE, TRèS French glossary!


A

* Abaisser (AH bay say): to roll out dough with a rolling pin or dough roller.
* Abricoter (ah bree coh tay): to cover a tart with apricot glaze in order to protect it from oxidation and bacteria.
* Apprêter (AH preh tay): to let leavened dough, such as brioche dough, ferment a second time before baking it.

B

* Banana Farm: our nifty little offices. An eventful place where ideas are shared. Learn more right here!
* Bavarian cream: a molded dessert made of crème anglaise or fruit sauce mixed with gelatin and topped with whipped cream.
* Bec d’oiseau (bek dwah zoh): the soft peak that naturally forms when lifting the whisk from a bowl of beaten egg whites and sugar, such as when making French-style meringue.
* Beurre pommade (burr poh mad): soft butter that can easily be added to preparations such as crème mousseline or crème patissière.
* Biscuit Joconde (bee skwee joh kond): a light, airy sponge cake made with almond flour and egg whites, often used as a base in entremets.
* Blanchir (blon sheer): to vigorously whisk together eggs and sugar until pale and foamy.

C

* Cartouchière (car toush yair): a tight succession of poached ladyfinger cookies arranged side by side around a cake at a slight slant.
* Chablonner (SHAH blon nay): to coat a cake or cookie with a fine layer of chocolate so as to create a protective shell.
* Chemiser (SHeH mee zay): to coat the inside of a mold before adding a filling to prevent the finished product from sticking to the mold.
* Chiqueter (SHeek tay): to lightly score the cut edges of rolled-out dough with a knife to help ensure that it rises straight and evenly.
* Coller (koH lay): to add gelatin to a mixture in order to thicken or set it. Crème anglaise is collée to make Bavarian cream.
* Corner (kornay): a technical term used to describe scraping out a container to avoid wasting its contents.
* Corne (korn): a tool used to scrape out containers to avoid wasting their contents.
* Crème pâtissière (krem pah teess yAir): a base cream made with milk, sugar, flour and eggs that can be flavored if desired. It is used to garnish choux, éclairs or mille-feuilles, for example.
* Cuisson à blanc (kwee son AH blon): to blind bake a crust. Remember to let the dough rest in the fridge so it hardens and bake it until it begins to brown.

D

* Détendre (day ton druh): to soften dough or thin a batter by adding cream, milk or eggs.
* Détrempe (dAy trom puh): a pâte feuilletée before tourage, meaning before the addition of butter.
* Dorer (doH ray): to brush dough with a thin layer of egg wash before baking it to give it an attractive color.

E

* Ecrémer (Ay kray may): to whisk butter and sugar until creamy. Butter and sugar are écrémés to make almond cream or pâte sucrée.
* Etuve (Ay too vuh): a closed container used to help leavened dough rise at a given temperature and humidity level.

F

* Façonner (faH son nay): to give dough a particular shape.
* Filmer en contact (fil may on con tahct): to cover a preparation with plastic wrap to protect against oxidation and bacteria. Crème pâtissière has to be filmée en contact immediately after cooking.
* Fleurer (fluh ray): to dust a work space with a fine layer of flour to prevent sticking.
* Foisonner (fwah zon nay): to work a cream or batter to increase its volume and lighten it.
* Fondant (fon don): a sugar and water mixture used to decorate pastries. Fondant is white but can be colored.
* Fraiser (frAy zay): to vigorously crush dough with the heel of the palm to ensure smoothness and evenness.

G

* Génoise (jeHn waz): a sponge cake made with whole eggs, sugar and flour that is mostly used in entremet-style pastries.

K

* Kooky cookie: a taste adventurer who lets his/her imagination run free at least 7 times a day and who leads a passionate life!

L

* Organic yeast: a microscopic fungus that multiplies by budding. In a humid and lukewarm environment, it starts fermenting, which releases carbon dioxide. When trying to escape, these carbon dioxide bubbles make dough rise.

M

* Massage butter, to: to knead butter so it becomes more elastic.
* Mille-Feuille or Napoleon: a pastry made of 3 layers of pâte feuilletée and 2 thick layers of crème pâtissière.

N

* Meringuer (meh rihn gay): to coat a pastry with a layer of meringue.

P

* Panade (paH naH duH): choux dough before eggs are added to it.
* Pâte feuilletée (paH tuh feh ye tay): a dough that goes through several turns and which puffs during baking.
* Pêcher Mignon (pay shay mee neeon): an entremet made with génoise, peach, crème mousseline and coated with cream.
* Parer (paH ray): to trim the unnecessary parts of a preparation before using it. Génoise is parée before being placed at the bottom of a round mold.
* Pasteurise, to: to bring a mixture to a given temperature before quickly cooling it.
* Pâte à bombe (paH taH bom buH): a dough made from eggs beaten with a whisk and mixed with a hot syrup.
* Pâte brisée (paH tuH bree zay): an ideal crust for moist or liquid fillings.
* Pâte à choux (paH taH shoo): a panade to which beaten eggs are added.
* Pâte sablée (paH tuH saH blay): a dough that gets its name (“sandy crust”) from the sanding technique used to make it.
* Pâte sucrée (paH tuH soo cray): a buttery crust used to make small sugar cookies or rich tarts.
* Pétrir (pay treer): to work or knead dough (leavened dough) by mixing in as much air as possible to make it airy and creamy.
* Plaquer (plah kay): to arrange pastries on a baking sheet before baking.
* Pointer (pwahn tay): to let leavened dough rest during the first fermentation cycle, before façonnage.
* Pousse (pooss): the fermentation stage of leavened dough. It describes the rising of dough due to yeast.
* Puncher (pun shay): to soak a preparation with a liquid like syrup or alcohol to give it flavor. This process is used with génoise or baba au rhum for example.

R

* Rabattre (raH baH truH): to fold in dough several times.
* Rayer (ray eeay): to decorate dough or a crust with the tip of a knife or the back of a fork after applying an egg wash. The galette des rois is rayée.
* Break the dough, to: to remove gas from a pâte levée after its first rest period to make it stronger and reinforce its gluten network.
* Royal : a dessert made of dacquoise, crunchy praliné and black chocolate mousse and coated with chocolate icing.
* Ruban (roo bon): the natural flowing movement of a batter that’s smooth and even.

S

* Sabler (saH blay): to rub a flour and butter mixture between one’s fingers.
* Serrer au sucre (say rHay oh soo cruh): to progressively add sugar to a preparation to bind it.
* Sirop (see roH): a sugar and water mixture that’s boiled to a roll and used to soak a génoise or make viennoiseries shine. It can be enhanced with alcohol or other flavors.
* Siroter (see roH tay): to soak a pastry or coat viennoiseries to make them shine.

T

* Tamiser (taH mee zay): to use a drum sieve to remove lumps from dry ingredients such as flour.
* Taux de cendre (toH duh san druh): the weight of the ashes remaining after burning 5 grams of flour. It’s used to define the type of flour and to determine its purity.
* Tourer (too ray): to roll out a ball of puff pastry into a rectangle before folding it 3 or 4 times.
* Trublion : aventurier du goût qui agite son imagination au moins 7 fois par jour et qui vit avec passion !
* T45 :.